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Gospel of John - Chapter 13 - Lesson 3

Posted on June 9, 2016 at 8:45 PM

Jesus Predicts Judas’ Betrayal

John 13:21 (ESV) After saying these things, Jesus was troubled in his spirit, and testified, “Truly, truly, I say to you, one of you will betray me.”

 

Jesus had alluded to His betrayal when He quoted from Psalm 41:9, “Even my close friend in whom I trusted, who ate my bread, has lifted his heel against me.” What Jesus had just revealed to the disciples hurt His heart, His human side, even though as God He knew these things must be. Therefore, He was “troubled.” In case the disciples did not pick up on His meaning, He then made it clear by announcing that one of them would betray Him.

 

John 13:22 The disciples looked at one another, uncertain of whom he spoke.

 

The disciples were looking at each other and wondering, “Okay…which one of us is He talking about?” The Gospels of Matthew and Mark both record the disciples asking Jesus, “Is it I?”

 

Matthew 26:21-22 And as they were eating, he said, “Truly, I say to you, one of you will betray me.” And they were very sorrowful and began to say to him one after another, “Is it I, Lord?”

 

Mark 14:17-19 And when it was evening, he came with the twelve. And as they were reclining at table and eating, Jesus said, “Truly, I say to you, one of you will betray me, one who is eating with me.” They began to be sorrowful and to say to him one after another, “Is it I?”

 

They were not pointing fingers to their brothers. They first asked Jesus about themselves. I believe they were acutely aware of their human frailty and realized it could be any one them. It is amazing that the disciples had enough spiritual knowledge at that time to humbly look at themselves and wanted to make sure they would be true to their Lord and Savior. This shows that they had grown enough to look at themselves honestly first and their brothers second. Considering at times they were concerned about which one of them would be “first” in the kingdom or sit at Jesus’ right hand, the humility displayed at that time was evidence of their growth.

 

John 13:23 One of his disciples, whom Jesus loved, was reclining at table at Jesus' side, 24 so Simon Peter motioned to him to ask Jesus of whom he was speaking.

 

The disciple whom Jesus loved is how John always referred to himself in his gospel. John was seated at Jesus’ side. Peter told John to ask Jesus who He was talking about, who was the culprit, the guilty party?

 

John 13:25 So that disciple, leaning back against Jesus, said to him, “Lord, who is it?”

 

John leaned back against Jesus, evidence of his intimate friendship with the Master. John may have even come in close to whisper when He asked the Lord who the betrayer would be.

 

John 13:26 Jesus answered, “It is he to whom I will give this morsel of bread when I have dipped it.” So when he had dipped the morsel, he gave it to Judas, the son of Simon Iscariot.

 

To those of us reading this account centuries later, it seems Jesus made the answer pretty clear when He said it would be the one He gave bread to after He had dipped it. Then He immediately handed it to Judas Iscariot. He did exactly what He just told them He would do.

 

John 13:27 Then after he had taken the morsel, Satan entered into him. Jesus said to him, “What you are going to do, do quickly.”

 

Satan, the evil one, filled Judas as soon as he received the bread. Jesus released Judas to go and betray Him to the authorities for which Judas would be paid thirty measly pieces of silver. He told Judas to commit this act against Him quickly. Jesus, of course, knew HIS TIME HAD COME.

 

John 13:28 Now no one at the table knew why he said this to him. 29 Some thought that, because Judas had the moneybag, Jesus was telling him, “Buy what we need for the feast,” or that he should give something to the poor.

 

Once again, the disciples seemed clueless. Osmium heads! (In case you missed the earlier lesson – osmium is denser than lead.) They did not understand what Jesus wanted Judas to do quickly. Jesus was talking about the most intimate betrayal only hours away, a kiss, but they still did not realize Judas was the betrayer. They failed to notice that Jesus handed the bread to Judas right after His statement that he would hand it to the betrayer! Since Jesus was the Bread of Life, Jesus was handing not only a morsel of bread, but Himself over to the betrayer. Since this exchange flew over their heads, the disciples tried to postulate what Jesus intended for Judas to do. Since he was treasurer for the group, they thought Jesus sent him on an errand to buy items needed for the feast or on an errand of mercy to buy something for the poor.

 

John 13:30 So, after receiving the morsel of bread, he immediately went out. And it was night.

 

So as soon as Judas received the bread from Jesus’ hand and was told to do what he was going to do quickly, he slipped out into the darkness of night. Darkness has the connotation of foreboding, evil, and sinfulness. The evil of Satan had entered Judas’ sinful heart, and he hurried to carry out his dastardly deed. Judas made the choice to allow the Enemy of God, Satan, to have his way with him. He gave in to the temptation rather than resisting evil in the name of Jesus. But he was also God’s instrument to bring about His plan of redemption – JESUS’ TIME HAD FINALLY COME.

 

Q – Jesus once again demonstrated His deity through the display of omniscience (knowing everything) when He predicted that the one who took the dipped bread from His hand would betray Him. The disciples did not understand it immediately but would recall it in the gospel accounts later. Jesus knew exactly what was to unfold over the next few hours, but He told Judas to leave the meal and betray Him. His death was not simply a tragic accident, or just history’s most notable betrayal – it was a conscious choice Jesus made to die in our place. His death opened the door to Heaven through the greatest act of love ever demonstrated. He did this for you. Do you believe this to be true? If you have not already done so, surrender to His mighty love and His right to control your life. You will never regret it!

 

Categories: Deity of Jesus, Gospel of John, Judas Iscariot

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